STUDIO SHOCK: LE MAMMOGRAFIE SONO UNA BUFALA MEDICA
Studio shock: Le mammografie sono una bufala medica, oltre un milione di donne americane danneggiate da “trattamenti” non necessari per tumori che non hanno mai avuto…
Effect of Three Decades of Screening Mammography on Breast-Cancer Incidenc
After excluding the transient excess incidence associated with hormone-replacement therapy and adjusting for trends in the incidence of breast cancer among women younger than 40 years of age, we estimated that breast cancer was overdiagnosed (i.e., tumors were detected on screening that would never have led to clinical symptoms) in 1.3 million U.S. women in the past 30 years. We estimated that in 2008, breast cancer was overdiagnosed in more than 70,000 women; this accounted for 31% of all breast cancers diagnosed.
Despite substantial increases in the number of cases of early-stage breast cancer detected, screening mammography has only marginally reduced the rate at which women present with advanced cancer. Although it is not certain which women have been affected, the imbalance suggests that there is substantial overdiagnosis, accounting for nearly a third of all newly diagnosed breast cancers, and that screening is having, at best, only a small effect on the rate of death from breast cancer.